Bitcoin vs. Ethereum

The choice is entirely up to you to choose a winner between Bitcoin vs. Ethereum. In Bitcoin, miners can validate transactions with the method known as proof of work. With proof of work, miners around the world try to solve a complicated mathematical puzzle to be the first one to add a block to the blockchain. Ethereum, however, is working on moving to a different form of transaction validation known as proof of stake. With proof of stake, a person can mine or validate transactions in a block based on how many coins he owns.

  • As per the concept of PoW, each network miner competes with all of the other in using computational power.
  • To accomplish this, Ethereum comes complete with its own programming language that runs on a blockchain.
  • Ether works very similarly to Bitcoin and can be used for peer-to-peer payments.
  • A major criticism of proof of work is that it is highly energy-intensive because of the computational power required.
  • Upcoming developments such as the Lightning Network aim to address this challenge and increase transaction speed and efficiency.

As a result, Ethereum is able to do many things well instead of serving solely as a store of value. However, unlike traditional fiat currencies such as the US dollar, it is based on a decentralized network, which means that it is not controlled by any government or financial institution. Bitcoin improves upon gold by offering increased portability; unlike physical gold, which has to be mined from the earth and transported to markets, Bitcoin can be easily transferred over the internet. Other crypto assets rode the bitcoin price wave Thursday, also coming off their highs of the day. Solana, one of the biggest outperformers in crypto this year, added 2.69% after jumping 11% earlier.


With that in mind, Insider decided to reach out to the experts to see which cryptocurrency they believe offers the most upside over the long haul. If you’re analysing the pair through an environmental lens, then Ethereum is superior in the sense that it has moved away from the more energy intensive ‘proof of work’ model to ‘proof of stake’. Comparing Bitcoin to Ethereum is a bit like comparing oranges to apples.

Bitcoin vs. Ethereum

Whereas Bitcoin serves 1 function as a store of value, Ethereum’s flexibility gives its blockchain network limitless potential. Despite their shared focus on decentralization, Bitcoin and Ethereum have some Bitcoin vs. Ethereum key differences in their core philosophies. Bitcoin was created as a peer-to-peer electronic cash system, with a primary goal of providing a decentralized alternative to traditional fiat currencies.

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The Bitcoin and Ethereum blockchains and networks are different concerning their overall aims. Bitcoin was created as an alternative to national currencies and thus aspires to be a medium of exchange and a store of value. Ethereum was intended as a platform to facilitate immutable, programmatic contracts and applications via a global virtual machine. Proof of stake stacks the deck in favor of people with more money but protects against people adding fraudulent records to the blockchain.

Bitcoin was first envisaged as a store of value — that is, a commodity which holds its value over time. This prevents bad actors from jamming up the system with frivolous requests. When a transaction needs to be validated, an arbitrarily difficult mathematical problem must be completed by the verifying machine. This is what allows the network to function without the need for a central authority or third-party to ensure that everything is working.

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All proposed improvements must undergo peer review and rigorous testing prior to being merged. The perceived slow pace of this process, at least in terms of scaling, led to a heated block size debate and the creation of Bitcoin Cash. Ethereum currently has a Proof of Work blockchain, although a proposed fork will switch it to Proof of Stake (PoS). Blocks are mined on average every 15 seconds by hashing a modified Dagger-Hashimoto algorithm. Given the extensibility of cryptocurrency, neither coin has a clearly defined sphere of operation. There is considerable overlap between their functions and markets, with nothing to prevent user migration.

Bitcoin vs. Ethereum